Anxiety disorder is a common mental health disorder. According to a global survey in 2017, around 3.8% of the worldwide population, 284 million, suffers from this mental problem. In the US, 40 million adults, 18% of the population, suffer from anxiety.
People who suffer from anxiety disorders may also be diagnosed with depression. Social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and stress are mental health disorders modern humans face.
There is treatment and medication available for anxiety disorders. Cognitive-behavioral therapy, a form of psychotherapy, is an effective treatment for anxiety. As more and more people reveal this mental condition, raising awareness about it and circulating information becomes necessary.
So, I have decided to talk about anxiety in the following article. I have answered questions such as what is anxiety? What does anxiety feel like? And how to deal with anxiety in the following article.
What Is Anxiety?
Anxiety is a natural physical and mental response to stress, dread, panic, worries, etc. This is a mental disorder that can make it difficult to spend your day. You may have severe panic attacks and nervousness when you suffer from anxiety, sweating, and rapid heart beating, which are also some symptoms worth noticing.
It might happen when you are approaching your fear or love. You may also feel anxiety during an interview or when you have to give a public speech.
Anxiety is more than normal fear and panic. It can be very troublesome and dangerous for people who face it. The effect of anxiety may-
- Change your normal activities and limit your functionality by interfering all the time.
- It may trigger your emotional state, causing you to overreact.
- Your responses may seem uncontrolled based on situations.
Obsessive-compulsive disorders and post-traumatic disorders also have similar symptoms.
Usually, these feelings are normal and only last for temporary moments for people who don’t have an anxiety disorder. However, if you have extreme symptoms that last for more than six months, you need treatment. Through cognitive behavioral therapy, doctors can treat anxiety.
Different Types Of Anxiety Disorders
- GAD or Generalized Anxiety Disorders: These are unrealistic tensions that may occur without triggers. You may feel worried about work, health, and relationships to the extreme.
- Social Anxiety Disorder: it is the fear of being judged by other social beings or during any social situation. They may want to avoid crowds and gathering as a response.
- Phobias: Phobias are fear of a particular object, place, or situation—maybe a certain person as well. Phobia can also be for certain animals or insects.
- Panic Disorders: when someone has a panic disorder, they get panic attacks at some of the most unexpected times. The recurring panic attack always keeps the individual trembling for the next panic attack.
- Separation Anxiety: This kind of anxiety mostly happens within children. They often feel afraid of getting separated from their parents. Teenagers also suffer from separation anxiety.
There are several symptoms of having anxiety. It can differ from person to person and can be categorized as different forms of anxiety. The symptoms of anxiety often include a rapid increase in heartbeat. It makes you feel like your mind is out of sync with your body.
Uncontrollable emotions like fear, restlessness, rapid breathing, nightmares, and recurring painful memories are some of the most common symptoms of anxiety. Here are some more prominent symptoms-
- Severe sweating.
- The rapid increase of heartbeat.
- Difficulty Concentrating.
- Sleep troubles.
- Panic attacks.
Different patients have different symptoms of anxiety. It is crucial to know about all the possible symptoms to identify anxiety disorder symptoms.
Causes Of Anxiety
There are several causes as to why a person may experience anxiety. Just as there are several types of anxiety, there are several reasons causing anxiety disorders among people. It is not necessarily the upbringing problems, personal weakness, and personal flaws that cause anxiety. There are several combinations of reasons that cause this mental disorder. Here are some of the prominent causes-
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Constant and severe stress may change the chemical balance of an individual’s brain. Having stress for a long time may cause anxiety through chemical imbalance.
Severe trauma or similar environmental causes may trigger anxiety. In addition, any awful experience of fear may cause the patient to trigger fear within their minds.
The reason for anxiety may be hereditary. A person with this disease may inherit it from someone in the family line. They can inherit it from other of their parents.
So, How do you deal with anxiety? Problems like this one are also treated after diagnosing the symptoms within the patient. There are several ways to diagnose processes, like physical examination and mental health analysis.
When doctors are sure that the patient has anxiety, they put the patient through treatment. In most cases, any medication is not needed; changing the patient’s lifestyle may help to cure the disease.
The treatment usually is psychotherapy and medications. Meeting a psychotherapist will help patients cure the symptoms. Here are some of the remedies that a patient may undergo –
- Adequate sleep.
- Meditation or Yoga.
- Staying mentally and physically active.
- Eating healthy food.
- No alcohol.
- Avoiding caffeine.
- Quitting smoking cigarettes.
Mental health specialists also associate anxiety with depression. Sometimes a person with this mental illness may also develop the symptoms of depression. Anxiety can strike children, teenagers, and adults. Mental health problems like this are also associated with stress.
The reasons behind stress and anxiety are now understandable through the counseling sessions. Psychotherapies and medications can help patients get rid of these mental problems. If you feel like having any of these symptoms, it is better to come out and seek help from mental health specialists.