Health & Balance

What Is Asthma? Causes, Symptoms, Treatment


Asthma is a severe condition for most people that causes breathing issues. Asthma can be a minor nuisance or major based on the type and other factors. For most people, asthma becomes very troubling and interferes with daily life activities. You need to take care of it before it becomes a serious asthma attack.

It can’t be completely cured, but there are some processes available that let you keep it under control. You can also reduce the symptoms and their effects. It is necessary to talk to your doctor and track the symptoms and signs to adjust the treatment accordingly. The nature of asthma changes over time very often.

We will talk about Asthma in detail in this article. So, make sure to stay tuned till the end to find out more about this health condition.

What Is Asthma?

What Is Asthma?

Asthma is a breathing-related health condition. This inflammatory disease narrows the airways and makes it hard to breathe. Due to asthma, it also becomes hard to participate in some physical activities. To understand the situation clearly, you will need to know the details.

During breathing, the air goes through the mouth, throat, airways to reach the lungs in the end. There are plenty of air passages available in the lungs that help deliver oxygen from air to the bloodstream. During asthma, the muscles get tight, and airways start to swell. Airways becomes shut down even more when mucus fills the airways.

This condition is very well known as an asthma attack. So, now that you know what is asthma, let’s find out more.

Causes Of Asthma

Causes Of Asthma

Asthma can develop in childhood or adulthood. Although it is common in children, many people also develop the condition when they are adults. There are many factors that can change the results and conditions. Researchers were not able to find any single cause for asthma. However, there are some factors that might cause it. Take a look below to know what causes asthma.

  • History Of The Viral Infections – Many people have different medical histories like severe viral infections like RSV and others that develop from childhood.
  • Genetics Another factor that increases your chance of having asthma is genetics. If your parents or sibling has asthma, most probably, you are going to develop it as well.
  • Hygiene Hypothesis – Based on this theory, if babies are not exposed to enough bacteria in the early stages, their immune system becomes very weak. As a result, the immune system becomes unable to fight off asthma or any related conditions.

Apart from these major factors, there are some other factors that can trigger asthma and make the symptoms deadly. Here are some common factors that can trigger this condition given below.

  • Allergens
  • Respiratory infection and other infections
  • Pests
  • Exercise
  • Weather conditions
  • Environmental irritants
  • Some specific medications

There are many different types of asthma that you can get, such as non-allergic asthma, allergic asthma, occupational asthma, aspirin-induced asthma, exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, cough-variant asthma, and nocturnal asthma.

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Symptoms Of Asthma 

There are many symptoms available that you need to know to identify asthma easily. The basic symptom is wheezing, but there are some other symptoms. Here are the given below to help you know. 

  • Fatigue
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Breath shortness
  • Tightness
  • Talking difficulty
  • Rapid breathing
  • Panicking
  • Chest pain

Based on many different factors, you might face different symptoms. While some people find the symptoms constantly all day long, others might get in from time to time. If you think that you are experiencing asthma symptoms, consult a doctor right away.

When the condition becomes severe, you might get some other symptoms. Here are the given below that will help you to know what does asthma feels like.

  • Fatigue
  • Coughing
  • Wheezing
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Chest tightness and pain
  • Throat clearing
  • Dizziness
  • Pale fingernails and pale lips
  • confusion
  • Blue fingernails and blue lips

If any of these symptoms start to show, you need to call a doctor immediately.

Treatments Of Asthma

Treatments Of Asthma

As mentioned above, there are no treatments available that can completely cure asthma. However, some of these things might help to reduce the pain and prevent the symptoms from becoming worse.

  • Long term medication for control
  • Quick-relief medications
  • A mix of long term and quick relief
  • Biologics, given by injection

Your doctor will give you any of these treatments based on some factors. These factors are age, type of asthma, and triggers. For example, if you have allergic asthma, your treatment will be done in a different way compared to other types.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Q1. Can Asthma Go Away?

Ans: Asthma symptoms start to show from childhood when it is genetic. If it is triggered by an allergy, it can develop anytime. However, later in life, the symptoms might also disappear in some cases. In most cases, it goes away temporarily and comes back eventually. There are some vaccinations available that can help to cure asthma.

Q2. What Are The 3 Types Of Asthma?

Ans: Here are the three different types of asthma given below.
Non-allergic asthma.
Allergic asthma.
Cough-variant asthma.

Q3.How Does Asthma Feel?

Ans: If someone has asthma, their airways will narrow and create extra mucus that makes it hard to breathe. Some common asthma symptoms include coughing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, wheezing, etc. If these symptoms become worse, it is an asthma attack.

Q4. What Are Symptoms Of Asthma In Adults?

There are many common signs of asthma that you might notice
Chest tightness.
Difficulty breathing.
Shortness of breath.
Coughing during the night, exercising, laughing.


Asthma is one of the severe and common conditions that many people suffer from. If you want to find out more about this condition, this article is perfect for you. Go through the sections to find out all the details. You will be able to learn the definition, causes, symptoms, treatments, and others. If this article helped you learn what you are looking for, make sure to share it with others.

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